There are a number of factors that increase the likelihood of developing cancer of the stomach. Dr. Jerman, can you tell us about some of these risk factors?
Certainly, Major Spencer. Risk factors for stomach cancer include:
- Age: People over the age of 55 are more likely to get stomach cancer.
- Gender: Men are twice as likely as women to develop stomach cancer.
- Race: Caucasians are least likely to develop stomach cancer.
- H. pylori infection: The bacteria Helicobacter pylori, or H. pylori, can cause inflammation and ulcers in the stomach, which raises the risk for developing stomach cancer.
- Lower than normal production of digestive juices: This can result from stomach surgery or conditions such as pernicious anemia or gastric atrophy, usually leading to intestinal metaplasia. (and)
- Smoking: Some evidence suggests that smoking increases the risk for stomach cancer.